Monday, February 22, 2016

Science and Technology (Ongoing Archive)

All Watched Over By Machines of Loving Grace (United Kingdom: Adam Curtis, 2011)

Anderson, C. W. "Print Culture 101: A Cheat Sheet and Syllabus." The Atlantic (August 18, 2010)

Andrejevic, Mark. "Estrangement 2.0." World Picture #6 (Winter 2011)

Angier, Natalie. "Abstract Thoughts? The Body Takes Them Literally." The New York Times (February 2, 2010)

Arrington, J. Michael and David Kirkpatrick. "The Facebook Effect." FORA TV (June 23, 2010)

Ayers, Jane. "300,000 Organic Farmers Sue Monsanto in Federal Court." Reader Supported News (February 15, 2012)

Beck, Ulrich and Bruno Latour. "How to Think About Science #5: On the Risk Society and the False Dichotomy Between Nature and Culture." Ideas (January 2, 2009) ["Few people ever apply a name that sticks to an entire social order, but sociologist Ulrich Beck is one of them. In 1986 in Germany he published Risk Society, and the name has become a touchstone in contemporary sociology. Among the attributes of Risk Society is the one he just mentioned: science has become so powerful that it can neither predict nor control its effects. It generates risks too vast to calculate. In the era of nuclear fission, genetic engineering and a changing climate, society itself has become a scientific laboratory. In this episode, Ulrich Beck talks about the place of science in a risk society. Later in the hour you'll hear from another equally influential European thinker, Bruno Latour, the author of We Have Never Been Modern. He will argue that our very future depends on overcoming a false dichotomy between nature and culture."] 

"The Being Deaf Show." RE:SOUND (2007)

Benjamin, Medea and Trevor Timm. "Drone Summit: Killing and Spying by Remote Control." Law and Disorder (July 9, 2012)

Bergen, Benjamin K. "The New Science of Meaning." Huffington Post (December 11, 2012)

Berger, John J. Climate Myths: The Campaign Against Climate Science. Berkeley, CA: Northbrae Books, 2013. [Available in the BCTC Library]

Berry, Wendell. "How to Think About Science #8 - Life is a Miracle: An Essay Against Modern Superstition." Ideas (January 2, 2012) ["Wendell Berry is known to the reading public mainly for his poems, essays and novels, not his commentaries on science. But in the year 2,000 he published a surprising book called Life Is A Miracle: An Essay Against Modern Superstition. The superstition the book denounces is the belief that science will one day give us a complete account of things. Science is admirable, Wendell Berry says, but it can only be deployed wisely when we recognize the limits to our knowledge. Science must submit to the judgment of Nature."] 

Bigger Stronger Faster (USA: Christopher Bell, 2008)

Binney, William. "Growing State Surveillance." Democracy Now (April 20, 2012)

Bittman, Mark. "That Flawed Stanford Study." Opiniator (October 2, 2012)

Blakemore, Colin. "Mechanics of the Mind." The Reith Lecture (November 10 - December 15, 1976)

Blase, Martin. "Missing Microbes." Radio West (April 28, 2014) ["Your body is host to about 100 trillion bacterial cells that form your microbiome, the complex ecosystem of microorganisms on which your life depends. Today, our microbiomes are threatened by a loss of species diversity that could be our undoing. In a new book, Dr. Martin Blaser argues that our obsession with hygiene and overuse of antibiotics has bleached our microbiomes, making them weak and making us more susceptible to dangerous new diseases."]

Carr, Nicholas. "The Shallows: What the Internet Is Doing to Our Brains." Media Matters (August 22, 2010)

Chester, Jeff. "The End of the Internet." Uprising Radio (February 9, 2006)

Christensen, Villy, Reg Waatson and Siwa Msangi. "Will There Be Any Fish in 2050." (February 26, 2011)

Chutkan, Robynne. "The Future of Probiotics." The Atlantic (December 12, 2013) ["Hippocrates said that all disease begins in the gut. A gastroenterologist's predictions on how new treatments will begin there, too."]

Clausen, Amy. "Women and Skepticism" The F Word (December 17, 2009)

Critical Art Ensemble. BioCom. (Online art installation: 1997/1998)

"Critical Art Ensemble: When Thought Becomes Crime." Dialogic (October 5, 2005)

Crockford, Kade. "San Francisco Woman Pulled Out of Car at Gunpoint Because of License Plate Reader Error." Free Future (May 13, 2014)

Crump, Catherine and Davey D. "Bay Area Rapid Transit Accused of Censorship for Blocking Wireless Services to Foil Protests." Democracy Now (August 16, 2011)

Daston, Lorraine. "How To Think About Science #2: On Paradigms and Objectivity." Ideas (January 2, 2009) ["The Max Planck Institute for the History of Science occupies an elegant and airy new building in a leafy suburb of Berlin. It houses approximately a hundred scholars whose research extends from medieval cosmology to the role of experiment in 19th century German gardening to the ways in which medical technology has reshaped the contemporary boundary between life and death. The director is American Lorraine DastonDavid Cayley interviewed her recently in her office at the institute, and told him that there was a time when she would not even have dreamed of a hundred historians of science under one roof. When she was a graduate student at Harvard in the 70's, she says, the history of science was more a collection of strays from other disciplines than it was a discipline in itself. But a crucial challenge had been issued. In 1962 philosopher/historian Thomas Kuhn had published The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, the book that suddenly put the previously unusual word paradigm on everybody's lips. Kuhn rejected the assumption of a continuous linear progress in science. And thereby, Lorraine Daston says, he framed the question with which her generation grew up, how to write the history of science as something other than a triumphant progress to a foregone conclusion."]

Datta, Deblina, et al. "Guard Us All? Immigrant Women and the HPV Vaccine." Making Contact (July 29, 2009)

Debusmann, Bernd. "America's Problematic Remote Control Wars." Reuters (July 8, 2011)

Dershowitz, Alan, Glenn Greenwald, Michael Hayden and Alexis Ohanian. "Glenn Greenwald Debates Former NSA Director Michael Hayden." The Intercept (May 2, 2014)

"Disguised Member of Hacktivist Group "Anonymous" Defends Retaliatory Action Against BART." Democracy Now (August 16, 2011)

Doctorow, Cory. "The Coming Civil War Over General Purpose Computation." Craphound (August 5, 2012)

Drone Survival Guide [Website: "Our ancestors could spot natural predators from far by their silhouettes. Are we equally aware of the predators in the present-day? Drones are remote-controlled planes that can be used for anything from surveillance and deadly force, to rescue operations and scientific research. Most drones are used today by military powers for remote-controlled surveillance and attack, and their numbers are growing. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) predicted in 2012 that within 20 years there could be as many as 30.000 drones flying over U.S. Soil alone. As robotic birds will become commonplace in the near future, we should be prepared to identify them. This survival guide is an attempt to familiarise ourselves and future generations, with a changing technological environment. This document contains the silhouettes of the most common drone species used today and in the near future. Each indicating nationality and whether they are used for surveillance only or for deadly force. All drones are drawn in scale for size indication. From the smallest consumer drones measuring less than 1 meter, up to the Global Hawk measuring 39,9 meter in length."]

Dunning, Brian. "New Age Energy: An examination of energy, as New Agers use the term." Skeptoid #1 (October 3, 2006)

Earle, Sylvia. "Her Deepness." On Being (June 7, 2012)

"Eight Ways Monsanto Fails at Sustainable Agriculture." Union of Concerned Scientists (January 4, 2012)

Engelhardt, Tom. "Praying at the Church of St. Drone: The President and His Apostles." Tom Dispatch (June 5, 2012)

"Facing Time." To the Best Of Our Knowledge (October 10, 2010)

Franklin, Sarah. "Transbiology: A Feminist Cultural Account of Being After IVF." Scholar and Feminist Online 9.1/9.2 (Fall 2010 - Spring 2011)

Fry, Douglas P. "Peace in Our Time: Steven Pinker offers a curiously foreshortened account of humanity's irenic urges." Bookforum (December/January 2012)

Gleick, James, et al. "Information." To the Best of Our Knowledge (September 4, 2011)

Gleiser, Marcelo and Marilynne Robinson. "On the Mystery We Are." On Being (November 8, 2012)

"Global Warming." History Commons (Ongoing Historical Timeline)

Goldenberg, Suzanne. "Emails expose BP's attempts to control research into impact of Gulf oil spill." The Guardian (April 15, 2012)

Graeber, David. "On Bureaucratic Technologies and the Future as Dream-Time." School of Visual Arts (January 19, 2012)

Grand, Gabriel. "Meet Carl Hart, the Scientist Debunking America's Myths About Drugs." PolicyMic (December 2, 2013)

Greene, Robyn. "Even Your Avatar Can't Escape NSA Surveillance." ACLU (December 12, 2013)

Grosscup, Beau. "Cluster Munitions and State Terrorism." Monthly Review 62.11 (April 1, 2011)

Hacking, Ian and Andrew Pickering. "How To Think About Science #4: On Science as Experimental Philosophy." Ideas (January 2, 2009) ["Philosophers of science tended, until quite recently, to treat science as a mainly theoretical activity. Experiment - science's actual, often messy encounter with the world - was viewed as something secondary, a mere hand-servant to theory. Popular understanding followed suit. Theories were what counted: one spoke of the theory of evolution, the theory of relativity, the Copernican theory and so on. It was as thinkers and seers that the great scientists were lionized and glorified. But this attitude has recently begun to change. A new generation of historians and philosophers have made the practical, inventive side of science their focus. They've pointed out that science doesn't just think about the world, it makes the world and then remakes it. Science, for them, really is what the thinkers of the 17th century first called it: experimental philosophy. In this episode we hear from two of the scholars who've been influential in advancing this changed view: first Ian Hacking, widely regarded as Canada's pre-eminent philosopher of science, and later in the hour Andrew Pickering, author of The Mangle of Practice."]

Hauter, Wenonah. "Foodopoly: The Battle Over the Future of Food and Farming in America from Monsanto to Wal-Mart." Democracy Now (April 2, 2013)

Hauter, Wenonah and Gregory Jaffe. "The Monsanto Protection Act? A Debate on Controversial New Measure Over Genetically Modified Crops." Democracy Now (April 2, 2013)

Health/Healthcare/Medicine: Peace and Conflict Studies Archive

Holland, Joshua. "A Primer: Just What Is Net Neutrality — and Why All the Fuss?" Moyers & Co (May 2, 2014)

Hounsell, Steve. "Biodiversity Primer." Alternatives (November 24, 2010)

Human Resources: Social Engineering in the 20th Century (USA: Scott Noble, 2011: 119 mins)

Into Eternity Making Contact (March 18, 2014) ["Our world is generating more and more nuclear waste, but have no permanent place to dispose of it. But the nation of Finland has a plan. They’re building an underground cave, to hold thousands of tones of nuclear waste, for at least 100 thousand years. On this edition, we hear excerpts of the film, “Into Eternity”, which explores the logistical and philosophical quandaries around the construction of something that if it works, might very well outlast the entire human race."]

John Hawks Weblog ["I'm an anthropologist, and I study the bones and genes of ancient humans. I was trained as a paleoanthropologist. ``Paleoanthropology'' is more than a speciality within anthropology, or biology. It is an integrated study involving methods and insights from many fields. Unlike many paleoanthropologists, my study extends across the entire span of human evolution, the last 6 million years, as I examine the genetic and environmental causes that made the foundation of our origins. My academic position is Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of Wisconsin—Madison."]

Jordan-Young, Rebecca. "Introduction to 'Critical Conceptions: Technology, Justice and the Global Reproductive Market.'" Scholar and Feminist Online 9.1/9.2 (Fall 2010/Spring 2011)

"Kill 'em All." Radiolab (March 25, 2014) ["Ever since there have been humans, mosquitoes have been biting us, and we’ve been trying to kill them. And, for the most part, the mosquitoes have been winning. Today there are over 3000 species on pretty much every corner of Earth. Mosquito-borne diseases kill around 1 million people a year (most of them children) and make more than 500 million people sick. But thanks to Hadyn Perry and his team of scientists, that might be about to change. Producer Andy Mills talks with author Sonia Shah about the difficulties of sharing a planet with mosquitoes and with science writer David Quammen about the risks of getting rid of them."]

Lakoff, George. "How to Use the Language of “Systemic Causation” To Talk About Climate Change." Uprising Radio (November 1, 2012)

Lock, Margaret. "How to Think About Science #3: Biology and Culture." Ideas (January 2, 2009) ["In 1993 medical anthropologist Margaret Lock published Encounters with Aging: Mythologies of Menopause in Japan and North America. The book explores dramatic differences in the way women experience menopause in each place. Such variation is usually taken as purely cultural, but, in her book, Margaret Lock makes a surprising suggestion. She proposes that there are biological differences between Japanese and North American women. Culture doesn't just interpret biology, she says, it also shapes it. Margaret Lock is a professor in the Department of Social Studies of Medicine at McGill. In this episode you'll hear her current reflections on what she calls "local biologies" later in the hour. David Cayley begins his conversation with a discussion of another pathbreaking book of hers called Twice Dead: Organ Transplants and the Reinvention of Death."]

Lovelock, James. "How to Think About Science #6: The Gaia Hypothesis." Ideas (January 1, 2009) ["Forty-years ago British scientist James Lovelock put forward the first elements of what he would come to call the Gaia theory. Named for the ancient Greek goddess of the earth, it held that the earth as a whole functions as a self-regulating system. At first many biologists scoffed. Today, Lovelock's ideas are more widely accepted, even in circles where he was initially scorned. But even as he has been winning scientific honours, James Lovelock has been growing more pessimistic about the prospects for contemporary civilization. In this episode David Cayley presents a profile of James Lovelock. It tells the story of a career in science that began a long time ago."]

Max Planck Institute for the History of Science [Berlin, Germany: "Researchers at the MPIWG investigate how new categories of thought, proof, and experience have emerged in the centuries-long interaction between the sciences and their ambient cultures. The specific research projects span several millennia: cultures north, south, east, and west: and numerous scientific disciplines, ranging from the origins of counting systems in Mesopotamia to today’s postgenomics, from Renaissance natural history to the early days of quantum mechanics. Exemplary research questions include: How did the fundamental scientific concepts (e.g., number, force, heredity, probability) and practices (e.g., experiment, proof, classification) develop in specific historical contexts? And in what ways did local knowledge, originally devised to solve specific problems, become universalized? These questions form the basis of a theoretically oriented history of science which studies scientific thinking and knowledge acquisition in their historical development."]

McCormick, John P. "Carl Schmitt and Technology." Cultural Technologies #8 ("John P. McCormick, author of CARL SCHMITT'S CRITIQUE OF LIBERALISM: AGAINST POLITICS AS TECHNOLOGY, discusses renowned political theorist and fascist Carl Schmitt's troubling critique of liberal politics. We also discuss technology, Martin Heidegger, the Weimar Republic, Catholicism, Marxism, and why climate change can't be solved by a czar."]

McNair, James. "Drug Company Lobbying Has Doubled in Kentucky in Recent Years." Kentucky Center for Investigative Lobbying (February 24, 2016)

Miller, Anna Lekas. "Occupy vs. Monsanto: Activists, Farmers Fight the Corporation They Fear Will Take Over All America's Crops." AlterNet (February 6, 2012)

Nuland, Sherwin. "The Biology of Spirit." On Being (March 6, 2014)["Dr. Sherwin Nuland died this week at the age of 83. He became well-known through his first book, How We Die, which won the National Book Award in 1994. But pondering death was for him a way of wondering at life. He reflected on the meaning of life by way of scrupulous and elegant detail about human physiology."]

Orion Magazine (The first issue of the Orion Nature Quarterly was published in June 1982, and in its editorial George Russell, the publication’s first Editor-in-Chief, boldly stated Orion’s values: “It is Orion’s fundamental conviction that humans are morally responsible for the world in which we live, and that the individual comes to sense this responsibility as he or she develops a personal bond with nature.”)

Pangburn, D.J. "These Short Online Psychedelic Courses Will Bend Your Mind." Motherboard (April 16, 2014)

Perkowitz, Sidney. "The Technological Singularity and Machines of Loving Grace : The Quest for Common Ground Between Humans and Robots." The Los Angeles Review of Books (February 18. 2016)

PLoS Blogs Network ["PLoS (stands for the Public Library of Science a non profit publisher and advocacy organization on a mission to lead a transformation in research communication) has always engaged in debate about science and medicine. Starting with the launch of our main blog,, back in 2006, PLoS quickly realized how informal communication can catch readers’ attention. PLoS ONE then launched their journal blog, everyONE in March 2009. Two months later, the editors of PLoS Medicine started Speaking of Medicine to interact with those interested in global health. PLoS Blogs has been set up to bring a select group of independent science and medicine bloggers together with the editors and staff who run our blogs. Our independent network is made up of writers who love science and medicine, and scientists and physicians that love to write. Here, you’ll find an equal mix of blogs from journalists and researchers tackling diverse issues in science and medicine."]

Popova, Maria. "What Is Science? From Feynman to Sagan to Asimov to Curie, an Omnibus of Definitions." Brain Pickings (April 6, 2012)

"Psychedelics." To the Best of Our Knowledge (June 6, 2010)

"Recommended Reading: Critical Conceptions - Technology, Justice, and the Global Reproductive Market." Scholar and Feminist Online 9.1/9.2 (Fall 2010/Spring 2011)

Reyes, Oscar and Tamra Gilbertson. "Carbon Trading: How it Works and Why it Fails." New Left Project (December 18, 2010)

Rosenzweig, Roy. "Wizards, Bureaucrats, Warriors, and Hackers: Writing the History of the Internet." The American Historical Review (December 1998: 1530-1552)

Ross, Alec. "Innovations of the Future." London School of Economics & Political Science (February 22, 2016) ["While Alec Ross was working as Senior Advisor for Innovation to the Secretary of State, he travelled to forty-one countries, exploring the latest advances coming out of every continent. From startup hubs in Kenya to R&D labs in South Korea, Ross has seen what the future holds. In this lecture he reveals the innovations that will shape our world for the better between today and 2025."]

Schlosser, Eric. "Command and Control: Nuclear Weapons, the Damascus Accident, and the Illusion of Safety." Book TV (October 6, 2013) ["Using recently declassified documents, Eric Schlosser details the ease with which an accident can occur when handling nuclear weapons and how little control military leaders and missile designers have over them. He speaks with Lynn Davis, the former U.S. undersecretary for arms control and the director of the RAND corporation's Washington office."]

Schneier, Bruce, et al. "The Psychology of Transition: Undoing Millennia of Social Control." Unwelcome Guests #597 (March 31, 2012)

"Science and the Search for Meaning: Five Questions, Part Five: Can Science be Sacred?" To the Best of Our Knowledge (08/28/11)

Seafood Watch [California: "The Monterey Bay Aquarium Seafood Watch program helps consumers and businesses make choices for healthy oceans. Our recommendations indicate which seafood items are "Best Choices," "Good Alternatives," and which ones you should "Avoid." Seafood Watch raises consumer awareness through our pocket guides, website, mobile applications and outreach efforts. We encourage restaurants, distributors and seafood purveyors to purchase from sustainable sources. Seafood Watch recommendations are science-based, peer reviewed, and use ecosystem-based criteria. Since 1999, we've distributed tens of millions of pocket guides, our iPhone application has been downloaded more than 240,000 times, and we have close to 200 partners across North America, including the two largest food service companies in the U.S.]

"Seeing and Perceiving." To the Best of Our Knowledge (February 6, 2011)

Shapin, Steven and Simon Schaffer. "How to Think About Science #1: Leviathan and the Air Pump Ideas (January 2, 2009) ["In 1985 a book appeared that changed the way people thought about the history of science. Until that time, the history of science had usually meant biographies of scientists, or studies of the social contexts in which scientific discoveries were made. Scientific ideas were discussed, but the procedures and axioms of science itself were not in question. This changed with the publication of Leviathan and the Air Pump, subtitled Hobbes, Boyle and the Experimental Life, the book's avowed purpose was - "to break down the aura of self-evidence surrounding the experimental way of producing knowledge." This was a work, in other words, that wanted to treat something obvious and taken for granted - that matters of fact are ascertained by experiment - as if it were not at all obvious; that wanted to ask, how is it actually done and how do people come to agree that it has truly been done. The authors of this pathbreaking book were two young historians, Steven Shapinand Simon Schaffer, and both have gone on to distinguished careers in the field they helped to define, science studies."]

Shaw, John. "The problem of the poor: faith, science and poverty in 19th century Britain." The National Archives Podcast Series (September 28, 2006)

Sheldrake, Rupert. "How to Think About Science #9: A New Science of Life." Ideas (January 2, 2012) ["In 1981 British biologist Rupert Sheldrake published A New Science of Life. The book argued that genes alone were not enough to account for life's intricate patterns of form and behaviour. There must be, Sheldrake suggested, some sort of form-giving field that holds the memory of each thing's proper shape - he called it a morphogenetic field. This intriguing idea was widely discussed in the months after the book's publication. Then the editor of the prestigious scientific journal Nature, Sir John Maddox, wrote an editorial in which violently denounced Sheldrake's work and called it "the best candidate for burning there has been for many years." Years later in an interview with the BBC, he defended his denunciation on the grounds that Sheldrake's view was scientific "heresy." Maddox's attack stuck Sheldrake a reputation for flakiness that still lingers. A few years ago Nobel physicist Steven Weinberg was still referring to the theory as "a crackpot fantasy." But, for Rupert Sheldrake, this zealous policing of the boundaries of science only proved that scientific materialism had hardened into a rigid and inhibiting dogmatism. He carried on with the research programme he had put forward in A New Science of Life. In this episode he shares the story of his journey with Ideas producer David Cayley."]

Shiva, Vandana. Environmentalism/Science/Philosophy/Feminism/Bioethics Dialogic Cinephilia (Ongoing Archive)

Sifton, John. "A Brief History of Drones." The Nation (February 27, 2012)

Singer, Peter W. "On Drone Warfare." War News Radio (July 13, 2011)

---. "Wired for War." The Geek's Guide to the Galaxy #3 (July 18, 2011)

Sterling, Bruce. The Hacker Crackdown: Law and Disorder on the Electronic Frontier (1992)

Stiglitz, Joseph. "How Intellectual Property Reinforces Inequality." Opinionator (July 14, 2013)

Suzuki, David. "On the Environment with a Focus on Climate Change." Lannan Podcasts (November 13, 2012)

Tokar, Brian. "Genetic Engineering." Unwelcome Guests (March 22, 2000)

Townson, Sian. "Why people fall for pseudoscience (and how academics can fight back)." The Guardian (January 26, 2016)

Wallace, Thomas. "The Diagnosis of Mineral Deficiencies in Plants by Visual Symptoms." University of Bristol Agricultural and Horticulture Research Station, Long Ashton, Bristol: 1943.

Washington, Harriet. ""Deadly Monopolies": ... How Firms are Taking Over Life Itself." Democracy Now (October 31, 2011)

Warner, Melanie. "Pandora’s Lunchbox: Pulling Back the Curtain On How Processed Food Took Over the American Meal." Democracy Now (March 1, 2013)

Watson, Richard. "Future Minds." RSAnimate (October 26, 2010)

Wolchover, Natalie. "A New Physics Theory of Life" Quanta (January 22, 2014)

The World According to Monsanto (France/Canada/Germany: Marie-Monique Robin, 2008: 108 mins)

Wu, Timothy. "The Master Switch: The Rise and Fall of Information Empires." The Center of Internet and Society (May 15, 2011)

---. "On the Archetype of the Heroic Inventor." (Excerpt from the The Master Switch: The Rise and Fall of Information Empires. NY: Alfred A, Knopf, 2010: 18-20.)

Zajonc, Arthur. "How To Think About Science #7: On Goethe's Way of Knowing and the Discoveries of Modern Physics." Ideas (January 2, 2012) ["One of Arthur Zajonc's inspirations is the great German poet Goethe. Goethe died nearly two centuries ago. Arthur Zajonc works at the cutting edge of contemporary quantum physics. But it is the old poet, Zajonc thinks, who can best show us how we ought to contemplate the puzzling discoveries of modern physics. In this episode, physicist Arthur Zajonc talks to David Cayley about Goethe's way of knowing, about the philosophical challenge of contemporary physics, and about the role of contemplation in science. And since his name so closely resembles the name of his subject, you also hear many unintentional rhymes as Zajonc discusses science."]

Zakaria, Fareed. "Why America's Obsession with STEM Education is Dangerous." The Washington Post (March 26, 2015)

Zaroff, Larry. "Medicine and the Human Condition." Entitled Opinions (November 23, 2011)

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