Sunday, August 31, 2014

Resources for September 1, 2014

"Glenn Greenwald: Constitutional and Civil Rights Lawyer/Journalist (Peace and Conflict Studies Archive)." Dialogic Cinephilia (Ongoing Archive)

Taylor, Ella. "The Essential Labor Films: Must-see movies of the working world." Keyframe (August 31, 2014)

Spencer, Benjamin P. "“Show Me How To See Things the Way You Do: Existentialism in Faith, Philosophy and Film." (A
requirements for 
Religion at Whitman College 2010) ["In 

Tyson, Neil deGrasse. The Sky is Not the Limit: Adventures of an Urban Astrophysicist. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 2004. [excerpt publiahed on Moyers & Co. : January 10, 2014]

Lindner, Katharina. "Corporeality and Embodiment in the Female Boxing Film." Alphaville #7 (Summer 2014)

Kaufman, Anthony. "Mikhail Krichman: On Russian light and The Return." Keyframe (January 6, 2014)

Axemaker, Sean. "The Wilderness Years: Buñuel in the Fifties." Keyframe (January 7, 2014)

Hudson, David. "Run Run Shaw, 1907 – 2014 'The influence of the Shaw Brothers’ martial arts movies is almost impossible to understate.'” KeyFrame (January 7, 2014)

Contempt (France/Italy: Jean-Luc Godard, 1963)

Contempt (France/Italy: Jean-Luc Godard, 1963: 103 mins)

Brody, Richard. "An Exile in Paradise." The New Yorker (November 20, 2000)

Brody, Richard, Héloise Godet and Lawrence Kardish. "Discussing Godard." The Close Up #3 (November 2014)

"Le Mepris (1963)." Interiors #2 (February 2012)

McGowan, Todd. "The Love of Antagonism in Le Mepris." Acidemic #7 (2012)

McNeil, Jeremiah. "Silver Bullets." My Cinematic Mind (April 24, 2014)

Resources for August 31, 2014

"Drive." Interiors (March 2012)

"Hello." Radiolab 12.10 (August 21, 2014) ["t's hard to start a conversation with a stranger—especially when that stranger is, well, different. He doesn't share your customs, celebrate your holidays, watch your TV shows, or even speak your language. Plus he has a blowhole. In this episode, we try to make contact with some of the strangest strangers on our little planet: dolphins. Producer Lynn Levy eavesdrops on some human-dolphin conversations, from a studio apartment in the Virgin Islands to a research vessel in the Bermuda Triangle."]

Nelson, Kim. "The Conformist: Visions of Blindness." Hammer to Nail (August 28, 2014)

Brody, Richard. "An Exile in Paradise." The New Yorker (November 20, 2000)

Rosenbaum, Jonathan. "The Importance of Being Perverse (Godard’s KING LEAR)." (Originally published in the Chicago Reader: April 8, 1988)

Patterson, John. "Why Bertolucci's The Conformist deserves a place in cinema history: The Italian director's 1970 expressionist masterpiece offered a blueprint for a new kind of Hollywood film, which is why Coppola, Spielberg, Scorsese and co owe him a huge debt." The Guardian (February 22, 2012)

Madrigal, Alexis C. "This 90-Year-Old Lithuanian Filmmaker Has the Best Website: Jonas Mekas is the antidote to all the dark currents and undertows on the Internet." The Atlantic (December 9, 2013)

Derber, Charles, et al. "The End of Work." Open Source (July 31, 2014)

Weiwei, Ai. "China’s Artist/Enemy #1." Open Source (August 4, 2014)

Saturday, August 30, 2014

Drive (USA: Nicolas Winding Refn, 2011)

Resources for August 30, 2014)

Patrick, Robert. "Five Ferguson protesters sue police for $41.5 million over arrests." St. Louis Post Dispatch (August 28, 2014)

Holmes, Linda. "Rating The Ratings And Whither The Weather Movie." Pop Culture Happy Hour (August 15, 2014) ["When Stephen and I talked about Boyhood, one of our side conversations was about our bafflement that it was rated R, and this week, joined by Code Switch's Kat Chow, we dig a little deeper into that question. Are ratings really information for parents, or are they still judgments on the morality of your creation? Is there anywhere to go past what a past documentary already explored? Kat talks about being carded at the movies, Stephen compares film boyhood to real boyhood, and we hear from Julie Andrews on the topic of reason."]

"Planet of the Vampires." The Projection Booth #175 (July 15, 2014)

"The Woman Chaser." The Projection Booth #38 (November 23, 2011)

O'Hehir, Andrew. "The Conformist: An unsettling political masterpiece returns." Salon (August 28, 2014)

"The Conformist." Critics Round Up (Ongoing Archive)

Kappeler, Victor E. "Ideology and the Historic Moment of Production: Part 1 of a 5 Part Series." Uprooting Criminology (November 25, 2013)

---. "Ideology and the Historic Moment of Production: Part 2 of a 5 Part Series." Uprooting Criminology (December 9, 2013)

---. "Ideology and the Historic Moment of Production: Part 3 of a 5 Part Series." Uprooting Criminology (January 9, 2014)

---. "Ideology and the Historic Moment of Production: Part 4 of a 5 Part Series." Uprooting Criminology (February 15, 2014)

The Conformist (Italy/France/West Germany: Bernardo Bertolucci, 1970)

The Conformist (Italy/France/West Germany: Bernardo Bertolucci, 1970: 111 mins)

Bailey, John. "Il Conformista: The Film That Changed My Life." American Cinematographer (November 20, 2017)

"The Conformist." Critics Round Up (Ongoing Archive)

"The Conformist (1970)." Classic Art Films (July 31, 2015)

Ebiri, Bilge. "Great Directors: Bernardo Bertolucci." Senses of Cinema #33 (October 2004)

Falzon, Christopher. "Philosophy Through Film." International Encyclopedia of Philosophy (August 12, 2013)

Insdorf, Annette. Cinematic Overtures: How to Read Opening Scenes. Columbia University Press, 2017. ["Your professor has a copy of this book."]

Lopez, Daniel. "Novel Into Film: Bertolucci's The Conformist." Literature Film Quarterly 4.4 (Fall 1976): 303-313.

Nelson, Kim. "The Conformist: Visions of Blindness." Hammer to Nail (August 28, 2014)

O'Hehir, Andrew. "The Conformist: An unsettling political masterpiece returns." Salon (August 28, 2014)

Orr, Christopher. "Ideology and Narrative Structure in Bertolucci's The Conformist." Film Criticism 4.3 (Spring 1980): 41-48.

Patterson, John. "Why Bertolucci's The Conformist deserves a place in cinema history: The Italian director's 1970 expressionist masterpiece offered a blueprint for a new kind of Hollywood film, which is why Coppola, Spielberg, Scorsese and co owe him a huge debt." The Guardian (February 22, 2012)

Restivo, Angelo. "From Index to Figure in the European Art Film: The Case of The Conformist." Global Art Cinema: New Theories and Histories. ed. Rosalind Galt and Karl Schoonover. Oxford UP, 2010: 164-182.

Rey, Endika, et al. "Germany, Italy and Spain: Eroticism and Desire Under European Fascism." L'Atalante #23 (June 2017)

Schmidlin, Charlie. "The Man Who Decided to Go Along." Roger Ebert (August 31, 2012)

Stevenson, James. "The Conformist and Fascist Desire." Void and Form (June 3, 2016)

Thomas, Gordon. "Weary Shadow: Considering The Conformist (Bertolucci, 1970)." Bright Lights Film Journal (April 3, 2015)

Friday, August 29, 2014

Resources for August 29, 2014

Hedges, Chris. "How the Brutalized Become Brutal." Common Dreams (August 25, 2014)

"Racism/Apartheid." Dialogic Cinephilia (Ongoing Peace and Conflict Studies Archive)

"Statement on Ferguson." Sociologists for Justice (2014)

"Ferguson Syllabus." Sociologists for Justice (2014)

Davis, Charles. "Hollywood's Latest Garbage: Our Tax Dollars at Work." Vice (August 28, 2014)

Palmer, Landon. "Can Cinema Ever Be Spontaneous?" Culture Warrior (March 22, 2011)

DuVernay, Ava. "The Day Before: Ryan Coogler on Fruitvale Station." Filmmaker (July 18, 2013)

Weismann, Jordan. "Here's Exactly How Much the Government Would Have to Spend to Make Public College Tuition-Free." The Atlantic (January 3, 2014)

Davis, Natalie Zemon. "World-Renowned Historian Natalie Zemon Davis Pleads Case of Steven Salaita with U-Illinois." Informed Comment *August 29, 2014)

Ng, Yvonne. "After Police Abuses Caught on Video, a New Guide Teaches How to Best Archive and Distribute Footage." Democracy Now (August 28, 2014)

---. "Part 2: Yvonne Ng on the 'Activists’ Guide to Archiving Video.'" Democracy Now (August 28, 2014)

Merriam-Webster Word of the Day:

precocial \prih-KOH-shul\

adjective: capable of a high degree of independent activity from birth


The mallard is a type of precocial bird that can often fly independently just 24 hours after hatching.

"Hares are like deer, horses and cattle in the sense that their offspring are precocial. They still have multiple offspring per pregnancy, but they are born fully furred with their eyes open." — Bill Danielson, The Recorder (Greenfield, Massachusetts), June 26, 2014

Precocial and its partner altricial are really for the birds. Well, at least they are often used to describe the young of our feathered friends. The chicks of precocial birds can see as soon as they hatch and generally have strong legs and a body covered with fine down. Those are attributes you would expect in birds described by the word precocial, which traces to the Latin precox, a term that means "precocious" or "early ripening" (yes, that root also gave us the word "precocious"). Ducks, geese, ostriches, pheasants, and quail are among the birds that hatch precocial offspring. Altricial chicks, on the other hand, are basically featherless and helpless at birth and require days or weeks of parental care before becoming independent.

Thursday, August 28, 2014

Monday, August 25, 2014

Resources for August 25, 2014

Johnston, Chris. "Richard Attenborough dies aged 90: Actor best known for roles in Brighton Rock and The Great Escape, who later directed Chaplin and Gandhi, has died." The Guardian (August 24, 2014)

Borg, Emma. "On Language and Context." Philosophy Bites (January 7, 2014)

The Wolf of Wall Street (USA: Martin Scorsese, 2013: 180 mins)

Leiter, Brian. "University of Illinois Repeals the First Amendment for Its Faculty." Huffington Post (August 23, 2014)

Walsh, Linda. "Oppenheimer and the Rhetoric of Science Advisers." The Partially Examined Life (July 1, 2014)

Hussain, Sophia. "Ferguson and the normalization of black murder." Verso (August 25, 2014)

Blum, William. Killing Hope: US Military & CIA Interventions Since World War II. London: ZED Books, 2004.

Science: Biotechnology 101 Archive." Dialogic Cinephilia (Ongoing Archive)

Science (Ongoing Archive)

All Watched Over By Machines of Loving Grace (United Kingdom: Adam Curtis, 2011)

Angier, Natalie. "Abstract Thoughts? The Body Takes Them Literally." The New York Times (February 2, 2010)

Beck, Ulrich and Bruno Latour. "How to Think About Science #5: On the Risk Society and the False Dichotomy Between Nature & Culture." Ideas (January 2, 2009)

Bergen, Benjamin K. "The New Science of Meaning." Huffington Post (December 11, 2012)

Berger, John J. Climate Myths: The Campaign Against Climate Science. Berkeley, CA: Northbrae Books, 2013. [Available in the BCTC Library]

Bigger Stronger Faster (USA: Christopher Bell, 2008)

Bittman, Mark. "That Flawed Stanford Study." Opiniator (October 2, 2012)

Blakemore, Colin. "Mechanics of the Mind." The Reith Lecture (November 10 - December 15, 1976)

\ Blase, Martin. "Missing Microbes." Radio West (April 28, 2014) ["Your body is host to about 100 trillion bacterial cells that form your microbiome, the complex ecosystem of microorganisms on which your life depends. Today, our microbiomes are threatened by a loss of species diversity that could be our undoing. In a new book, Dr. Martin Blaser argues that our obsession with hygiene and overuse of antibiotics has bleached our microbiomes, making them weak and making us more susceptible to dangerous new diseases."]

Christensen, Villy, Reg Waatson and Siwa Msangi. "Will There Be Any Fish in 2050." (February 26, 2011)

Chutkan, Robynne. "The Future of Probiotics." The Atlantic (December 12, 2013) ["Hippocrates said that all disease begins in the gut. A gastroenterologist's predictions on how new treatments will begin there, too."]

Clausen, Amy. "Women and Skepticism" The F Word (December 17, 2009)

Critical Art Ensemble. BioCom. (Online art installation: 1997/1998)

"Critical Art Ensemble: When Thought Becomes Crime." Dialogic (October 5, 2005)

Daston, Lorraine. "How To Think About Science #2: On Paradigms and Objectivity." Ideas (January 2, 2009)

Datta, Deblina, et al. "Guard Us All? Immigrant Women and the HPV Vaccine." Making Contact (July 29, 2009)

Dunning, Brian. "New Age Energy: An examination of energy, as New Agers use the term." Skeptoid #1 (October 3, 2006)

Earle, Sylvia. "Her Deepness." On Being (June 7, 2012)

"Eight Ways Monsanto Fails at Sustainable Agriculture." Union of Concerned Scientists (January 4, 2012)

"Facing Time." To the Best Of Our Knowledge (October 10, 2010)

Fry, Douglas P. "Peace in Our Time: Steven Pinker offers a curiously foreshortened account of humanity's irenic urges." Bookforum (December/January 2012)

Gleick, James, et al. "Information." To the Best of Our Knowledge (September 4, 2011)

Gleiser, Marcelo and Marilynne Robinson. "On the Mystery We Are." On Being (November 8, 2012)

"Global Warming." History Commons (Ongoing Historical Timeline)

Goldenberg, Suzanne. "Emails expose BP's attempts to control research into impact of Gulf oil spill." The Guardian (April 15, 2012)

Grand, Gabriel. "Meet Carl Hart, the Scientist Debunking America's Myths About Drugs." PolicyMic (December 2, 2013)

Hacking, Ian and Andrew Pickering. "How To Think About Science #4: On Science as Experimental Philosophy." Ideas (January 2, 2009)

Hauter, Wenonah. "Foodopoly: The Battle Over the Future of Food and Farming in America from Monsanto to Wal-Mart." Democracy Now (April 2, 2013)

Hauter, Wenonah and Gregory Jaffe. "The Monsanto Protection Act? A Debate on Controversial New Measure Over Genetically Modified Crops." Democracy Now (April 2, 2013)

Health/Healthcare/Medicine: Peace and Conflict Studies Archive

Hounsell, Steve. "Biodiversity Primer." Alternatives (November 24, 2010)

Human Resources: Social Engineering in the 20th Century (USA: Scott Noble, 2011: 119 mins)

John Hawks Weblog ["I'm an anthropologist, and I study the bones and genes of ancient humans. I was trained as a paleoanthropologist. ``Paleoanthropology'' is more than a speciality within anthropology, or biology. It is an integrated study involving methods and insights from many fields. Unlike many paleoanthropologists, my study extends across the entire span of human evolution, the last 6 million years, as I examine the genetic and environmental causes that made the foundation of our origins. My academic position is Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of Wisconsin—Madison."]

Jordan-Young, Rebecca. "Introduction to 'Critical Conceptions: Technology, Justice and the Global Reproductive Market.'" Scholar and Feminist Online 9.1/9.2 (Fall 2010/Spring 2011)

"Kill 'em All." Radiolab (March 25, 2014) ["Ever since there have been humans, mosquitoes have been biting us, and we’ve been trying to kill them. And, for the most part, the mosquitoes have been winning. Today there are over 3000 species on pretty much every corner of Earth. Mosquito-borne diseases kill around 1 million people a year (most of them children) and make more than 500 million people sick. But thanks to Hadyn Perry and his team of scientists, that might be about to change. Producer Andy Mills talks with author Sonia Shah about the difficulties of sharing a planet with mosquitoes and with science writer David Quammen about the risks of getting rid of them."]

Lakoff, George. "How to Use the Language of “Systemic Causation” To Talk About Climate Change." Uprising Radio (November 1, 2012)

Lock, Margaret. "How to Think About Science #3: Biology and Culture." Ideas (January 2, 2009)

Lovelock, James. "The Gaia Hypothesis." Ideas (January 1, 2009)

Max Planck Institute for the History of Science [Berlin, Germany: "Researchers at the MPIWG investigate how new categories of thought, proof, and experience have emerged in the centuries-long interaction between the sciences and their ambient cultures. The specific research projects span several millennia: cultures north, south, east, and west: and numerous scientific disciplines, ranging from the origins of counting systems in Mesopotamia to today’s postgenomics, from Renaissance natural history to the early days of quantum mechanics. Exemplary research questions include: How did the fundamental scientific concepts (e.g., number, force, heredity, probability) and practices (e.g., experiment, proof, classification) develop in specific historical contexts? And in what ways did local knowledge, originally devised to solve specific problems, become universalized? These questions form the basis of a theoretically oriented history of science which studies scientific thinking and knowledge acquisition in their historical development."]

Miller, Anna Lekas. "Occupy vs. Monsanto: Activists, Farmers Fight the Corporation They Fear Will Take Over All America's Crops." AlterNet (February 6, 2012)

Nuland, Sherwin. "The Biology of Spirit." On Being (March 6, 2014)["Dr. Sherwin Nuland died this week at the age of 83. He became well-known through his first book, How We Die, which won the National Book Award in 1994. But pondering death was for him a way of wondering at life. He reflected on the meaning of life by way of scrupulous and elegant detail about human physiology."]

Orion Magazine (The first issue of the Orion Nature Quarterly was published in June 1982, and in its editorial George Russell, the publication’s first Editor-in-Chief, boldly stated Orion’s values: “It is Orion’s fundamental conviction that humans are morally responsible for the world in which we live, and that the individual comes to sense this responsibility as he or she develops a personal bond with nature.”)

Pangburn, D.J. "These Short Online Psychedelic Courses Will Bend Your Mind." Motherboard (April 16, 2014)

PLoS Blogs Network ["PLoS (stands for the Public Library of Science a non profit publisher and advocacy organization on a mission to lead a transformation in research communication) has always engaged in debate about science and medicine. Starting with the launch of our main blog,, back in 2006, PLoS quickly realized how informal communication can catch readers’ attention. PLoS ONE then launched their journal blog, everyONE in March 2009. Two months later, the editors of PLoS Medicine started Speaking of Medicine to interact with those interested in global health. PLoS Blogs has been set up to bring a select group of independent science and medicine bloggers together with the editors and staff who run our blogs. Our independent network is made up of writers who love science and medicine, and scientists and physicians that love to write. Here, you’ll find an equal mix of blogs from journalists and researchers tackling diverse issues in science and medicine."]

Popova, Maria. "What Is Science? From Feynman to Sagan to Asimov to Curie, an Omnibus of Definitions." Brain Pickings (April 6, 2012)

"Psychedelics." To the Best of Our Knowledge (June 6, 2010)

Reyes, Oscar and Tamra Gilbertson. "Carbon Trading: How it Works and Why it Fails." New Left Project (December 18, 2010)

Rosenbaum, Jonathan. "Interview with Alain Resnais on MON ONCLE D’AMÉRIQUE (1980)." (Personal Website: February 26, 2014)

"Science and the Search for Meaning: Five Questions, Part Five: Can Science be Sacred?" To the Best of Our Knowledge (08/28/11)

Seafood Watch [California: "The Monterey Bay Aquarium Seafood Watch program helps consumers and businesses make choices for healthy oceans. Our recommendations indicate which seafood items are "Best Choices," "Good Alternatives," and which ones you should "Avoid." Seafood Watch raises consumer awareness through our pocket guides, website, mobile applications and outreach efforts. We encourage restaurants, distributors and seafood purveyors to purchase from sustainable sources. Seafood Watch recommendations are science-based, peer reviewed, and use ecosystem-based criteria. Since 1999, we've distributed tens of millions of pocket guides, our iPhone application has been downloaded more than 240,000 times, and we have close to 200 partners across North America, including the two largest food service companies in the U.S.]

"Seeing and Perceiving." To the Best of Our Knowledge (February 6, 2011)

Shapin, Steven and Simon Schaffer. "How to Think About Science #1: Leviathan and the Air Pump Ideas (January 2, 2009)

Shaw, John. "The problem of the poor: faith, science and poverty in 19th century Britain." The National Archives Podcast Series (September 28, 2006)

Shiva, Vandana. "Everything I Need to Know I Learned in the Forest." AlterNet (December 10, 2012)

---. "Prop 37, GMOs, Food Sovereignty, and More." Uprising Radio (October 31, 2012)

Stiglitz, Joseph. "How Intellectual Property Reinforces Inequality." Opinionator (July 14, 2013)

Suzuki, David. "On the Environment with a Focus on Climate Change." Lannan Podcasts (November 13, 2012)

Teicholz, Nina. "The Big Fat Surprise." Radio West (September 3, 2014) ["Since the 1950s, a war has been waged in America against an accused dietary culprit: fat. Avoid fat, we were told, and you’ll live longer and healthier. However, as the investigative journalist Nina Teicholz discovered, there isn’t solid evidence of the benefits of a low-fat diet nor of the dangers of fat. In a new book, Teicholz reviews the science and history of the war on fat and she joins us Thursday to explain how America’s nutrition was derailed by personal ambition, bad science, and politics."]

Tokar, Brian. "Genetic Engineering." Unwelcome Guests (March 22, 2000)

Tyson, Neil deGrasse. The Sky is Not the Limit: Adventures of an Urban Astrophysicist. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 2004. [excerpt publiahed on Moyers & Co. : January 10, 2014]

Wallace, Thomas. "The Diagnosis of Mineral Deficiencies in Plants by Visual Symptoms." University of Bristol Agricultural and Horticulture Research Station, Long Ashton, Bristol: 1943.

Walsh, Linda. "Oppenheimer and the Rhetoric of Science Advisers." The Partially Examined Life (July 1, 2014)

Warner, Melanie. "Pandora’s Lunchbox: Pulling Back the Curtain On How Processed Food Took Over the American Meal." Democracy Now (March 1, 2013)

Wolchover, Natalie. "A New Physics Theory of Life" Quanta (January 22, 2014)

The World According to Monsanto (France/Canada/Germany: Marie-Monique Robin, 2008: 108 mins)

Zajonc, Arthur. "How To Think About Science #7: On Goethe's Way of Knowing and the Discoveries of Modern Physics." Ideas (January 2, 2009)

Zaroff, Larry. "Medicine and the Human Condition." Entitled Opinions (November 23, 2011)

ENG 281 Lettrboxd Profiles/Response Credits

Lydia Putnam (#12)

Doman Ruggles (#13)

David Davis-Martin (#1)

Jay Pennington (#5)

Rafael Rangel (#13)

Paul Durham (#2)

Kevin Avery (#11)

Bryan Davenport (#12)

Lauren Peel (#11)

Sunday, August 24, 2014

Resources for August 24, 2014

Said, Hammad. "Relevance of Hannah Arendt’s 'A Report On The Banality Of Evil' To Gaza." Counterpunch (July 28, 2014)

"Live Coverage of Eric Garner Rally on Staten Island." The New York Times (August 23, 2014)

Lazar, Seth. "On Sparing Civilians in War." Philosophy Bites (July 19, 2014) ["In war there are legitimate and illegitimate targets. Combatants can be killed; civilians shoudn't be deliberately targeted. This is a matter of international law, but is also believed to be a moral principle. Some philosophers have argued that a combatant/civilian distinction is unsustainable. Seth Lazar , of the Australian National University, disagrees. In this interview with Nigel Warburton he explains why."]

McMahan, Jeff. "On Killing in War." Philosophy Bites (November 21, 2009) ["If someone is shooting at me in a war, surely it is morally acceptable for me to shoot back and kill him or her. Jeff McMahan of Rutgers University, author of a new book on this topic, challenges the view that such killing is always acceptable."]

Sandel, Michael. "Against Market Society." This Partially Examined Life (July 26, 2014)

Economics/Political Economy." Dialogic Cinephilia (Ongoing Peace and Conflict Studies archive)

Palmer, Landon. "6 Filmmaking Tips From John Cassavettes." Film School Rejects (August 13, 2014)

Bernstein, Paula. "25 Documentary Filmmakers to Follow on Twitter." Indiewire (December 27, 2013)

Hannah Arendt (Germany/Luxemborg/France: Margarethe von Trotta, 2012: 113 mins)

"I always tell the younger film-makers and students: Do it like the painters used to...Study the old masters. Enrich your palette. Expand the canvas. There's always so much more to learn." - Martin Scorsese (2013)

Friday, August 22, 2014

Resources for August 23, 2014

O'Donnell, Lawrence. "Rewrite: Bad police reporting by the NYTimes." The Last Word (August 20, 2014)

"Fall 2014 ENG 281: 1971-1975 Films." Dialogic Cinephilia (Ongoing Archive)

Herzog, Werner. "Werner Herzog Talks About Madmen And Caves In Interviews From 'Fresh Air' Archives." Fresh Air (August 22, 2014)

Aguirre: The Wrath of God (West Germany: Werner Herzog, 1972)

Paths of Glory (USA: Stanley Kubrick, 1957: 88 mins)

Henri, The Existential Cat

Even the Rain (Spain/Mexico/France: Icíar Bollaín, 2010: 103 mins)

"Criminology/Policing/Crime." Dialogic Cinephilia (Ongoing Archive)

Crimethinc. "What They Mean When They Say Peace." Libcom (August 23, 2014)

Swaine, Jon. "Ferguson: officer relieved of duty after 'black little perverts' video surfaces." The Guardian (August 22, 2014)

Paths of Glory (USA: Stanley Kubrick, 1957)

Aguirre: The Wrath of God (West Germany: Werner Herzog, 1972)

Aguirre: The Wrath of God (West Germany: Werner Herzog, 1972: 93 mins)

"Aguirre, The Wrath of God (1972)." Philosophical Films (ND)

Ames, Eric. "Re-staging History: Werner Herzog’s AGUIRRE, THE WRATH OF GOD."  Keyframe (April 10, 2014)

Bramble, Serena. "Werner Herzog's View of Nature (video essay)." Press Play (February 13, 2015)

Brockmann, Stephen. "Aguirre, der Zorn Gottes (1972): Film and the Sublime." A Critical History of German Film Rochester, NY: Camden House, 2010: 328-341. [Professor has copy of the book]

Carr, Jeremy. "Notebook Primer: Werner Herzog." Notebook (July 2, 2020) ["Becoming something of an existential philosopher in the process, Herzog’s career-long presentation of a mysterious, multifaceted world is an overwhelming collective exhibition. While he is not religious, his films — transcendent meditations on faith, superstition, and sublime experience — have a pronounced spiritual constitution. He finds humanity within pure chaos and mysticism in the ostensibly banal. Perhaps more than anything, however, Herzog is driven by an unceasing search for new visual encounters. As he notes when discussing the enigmatic mirages of Fata Morgana (1971), he remains occupied by a “quest for images that you haven’t really seen yet,” and, he affirms, “I’ve not stopped searching.”]

Castle, Robert. "Two Cinematic Visions of the Inca Conquest: The Royal Hunt of the Sun and Aguirre: Wrath of God." Bright Lights Film Journal #76 (May 2012)

Dahan, Yaron. "Lost in the Jungle: Aguirre, the Wrath of God and Embrace of the Serpent." Notebook (June 20, 2016)

Harrison, Robert Pogue and Werner Herzog. "Werner Herzog Visits Another Look: The Movie!" Another Look (February 18, 2016)

Herzog, Werner. "Werner Herzog Talks About Madmen And Caves In Interviews From 'Fresh Air' Archives." Fresh Air (August 22, 2014)

Insdorf, Annette. Cinematic Overtures: How to Read Opening Scenes. Columbia University Press, 2017. ["Your professor has a copy of this book."]

Lee, Kevin B. "Ebert and Herzog." Keyframe (April 10, 2014) ["Reflecting on Roger Ebert through his own words on one of cinema’s greatest."]

Thursday, August 21, 2014

Harold and Maude (USA: Hal Ashby, 1971)

Harold and Maude (USA: Hal Ashby, 1971: 91 mins)

Hughes, Darren. "Great Directors: Hal Ashby." Senses of Cinema #30 (February 2004)

Mulvehill, Charles. "Harold and Maude find new life at The Westgate." MUBI Podcast (July 14, 2022) ["Hal Ashby's HAROLD AND MAUDE debuted to generally poor reviews, and worse box office. But in suburban Minneapolis, a humble second-run neighborhood theater called The Westgate found the film an audience...and helped turn it into one of the biggest cult hits of all time. Host Rico Gagliano gets the story from HAROLD AND MAUDE producer Charles Mulvehill — one of the few living members of the film's creative team — and an endearing cast of local characters who, back in 1972, found themselves part of a one-in-a-million phenomenon."]

Pickles, Vivian. "Being in Harold and Maude." Current (June 20, 2012)

Seitz, Matt Zoller. "Harold and Maude: Life and How To Live It." Current (June 12, 2012)

Susman, Gary. "25 Things You Didn't Know About Harold and Maude." MovieFone (December 20, 2011)

Tsui, Curtis. "10 Things I Learned: Harold and Maude." The Current (June 25, 2012)

Weschler, Raymond. "Harold and Maude." ESL Notes (2002)

Yapp, Nate. "Harold and Maude." Cinema Blend (No Date)

Fall 2014 ENG 281: 1970-1975 Films

Student choice for films: The Godfather, Jaws, The Holy Mountain, High Plains Drifter, One Flew Over the Cuckoo Nest, Sleeper, Deliverance

Student Letterboxd Responses

Archives of individual films 1970-1975:

A Clockwork Orange (UK/USA: Stanley Kubrick, 1971: 136 mins)

Aguirre, The Wrath of God (West Germany/Peru: Werner Herzog, 1972: 93 mins)

The Conformist (Italy/France/West Germany: Bernardo Bertolucci, 1970: 111 mins)

The Devils (United Kingdom: Ken Russell, 1971: 111 mins)

The Godfather (USA: Francis Ford Coppola, 1972: 175 mins)

The Godfather, Part Two (USA: Francis Ford Coppola, 1974: 200 mins)

The Harder They Come (Jamaica: Perry Henzell, 1972: 120 mins)

Harold and Maude (USA: Hal Ashby, 1971: 91 mins)

Hearts and Minds (USA: Peter Davis, 1974)

High Plains Drifter (USA: Clint Eastwood, 1973: 105 mins)

The Holy Mountain (Mexico/USA: Alejandro Jodorowsky, 1973: 115 mins)

M*A*S*H* (USA: Robert Altman, 1970: 116 mins)

Mean Streets (USA: Martin Scorsese, 1973: 112 mins)

The Night Porter (Italy: Liliana Cavani, 1974: 118 mins)

Solaris (Soviet Union: Andrei Tarkovsky, 1972: 165 mins)

Sweet Movie (Canada/France/West Germany: Dusan Makavejev, 1974: 98 mins)

The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (USA: Tobe Hooper, 1974)

W.R.: Mysteries of an Organism (Yugoslavia/West Germany: Dusan Makavejev, 1971: 84 mins)

More Films by Year


The Clowns (Italy/France/West Germany: Federico Fellini, 1970: 92 mins)

Axemaker, Sean. "Send in THE CLOWNS: Fellini’s documentary pageant of the great clowns of Italy, France, and Britain is also a wake for the end of the circus clown era." Keyframe (January 10, 2014)

Dodes'ka-den (Japan: Akira Kurosawa, 1970: 140 mins)

Hogg, Trevor. "Epic Dreamer: An Akira Kurosawa Profile." Flickering Myth (March 24, 2010)

El Topo (Mexico: Alejandro Jodorowsky, 1970: 125 mins)

Dollar, Steve. "Interview of Alejandro Jodorowsky." Green Cine Daily (May 21, 2011)

Husbands (USA: John Cassavetes, 1970: 131 mins)

Palmer, Landon. "6 Filmmaking Tips From John Cassavettes." Film School Rejects (August 13, 2014)

Myra Breckenridge (USA: Michael Sarne, 1970: 94 mins)

Kloman, Harry. "Myra Breckinridge & Myron: An Introduction." University of Pittsburgh: 2005.

Patton (USA: Franklin J. Schaffner, 1970: 172 mins)

Lichtblau, Eric. "The Nazis Next Door: Eric Lichtblau on how the CIA & FBI Secretly Sheltered Nazi War Criminals." Democracy Now (October 31, 2014)

---. "Pt. 2: On The Nazis Next Door: How America Became a Safe Haven for Hitler’s Men." Democracy Now (October 31, 2014)

Performance (UK: Donald Cammell and Nicholas Roeg, 1970: 105 mins)

The Influence and Controversy of Performance (DVD documentary on the 2007 Warner Brothers edition)

Lorefice, Mike. Performance Raging Bull Movies (February 22, 2002)

Valerie and Her Week of Wonders (Czechoslovakia: Jaromil Jires, 1970: 73 mins)

Krzywinska, Tanya. "Transgression, transformation and titillation Jaromil Jireš's : Valerie a týden divů (Valerie and Her Week of Wonders, 1970)." Kino-Eye (September 15, 2003)

Why Does Herr R. Run Amok? (West Germany: Rainer Werner Fassbinder, 1970: 88 Mins)

Hoberman, J. "The Single Antidote to Thoughts of Suicide: Rainer Werner Fassbinder’s American friends." Moving Image Source (June 28, 2012)


The Beguiled (USA: Don Siegel, 1971: 105 mins)

King, Danny. "Clint, Caught in the Act: On The Beguiled, and Don Siegel's Leading Man." Bright Lights Film Journal #82 (November 2013)

Beware of a Holy Whore (West Germany/Italy: Rainer Werner Fassbinder, 1971: 103 mins)

Hudson, David. "Fassbinder: Romantic Anarchist (Part 1).” Keyframe (May 16, 2014)

Big Jake (USA: George Sherman and John Wayne, 1971: 110 mins)

Freedman, Carl. "Post-Hetrosexuality: John Wayne and the Construction of American Masculinity." Film International 5.1 (2007) [Professor has a copy]

Dirty Harry (USA: Don Siegel, 1971: 102 mins)

Doherty, Thomas. "Portraits of a Serial Killer: A time-honored public enemy, from Dirty Harry to Zodiac." Moving Image Source (June 12, 2008)

Duck, You Sucker aka A Fistful of Dynamite (Italy: Sergio Leone, 1971: 138 mins)

Martin, Adrian. "Euphoria and Liberating Laughter: The Cinema of Sergio Leone." Projectorhead (1997 / revised and updated July 2011)

McGee, Patrick. From Shane to Kill Bill: Rethinking the Western. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2007.[Professor has copy]

The French Connection (USA: William Friedkin, 1971: 104 mins)

LoBrutto, Vincent. "New York Filmmaking: The French Connection." Becoming Film Literate: The Art and Craft of Motion Pictures. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2005: 151-157. [BCTC Library: PN1994 L595 2005]

McCabe & Mrs. Miller (USA: Robert Altman, 1971: 120 mins)

McGee, Patrick. From Shane to Kill Bill: Rethinking the Western. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2007.[Professor has copy]

The Merchant of Four Seasons (West Germany: Rainer Werner Fassbinder, 1971: 88 mins)

Hoberman, J. "The Single Antidote to Thoughts of Suicide: Rainer Werner Fassbinder’s American friends." Moving Image Source (June 28, 2012)

Murmur of the Heart (France/Italy/West Germany: Louis Malle, 1971: 118 mins)

Sragow, Michael. "Murmur of the Heart: All in the Family." The Current (March 27, 2006)

THX 1138 (USA: George Lucas, 1971: 86 mins)

Lee, Kevin B. and Volker Pantenburg. "Motion Studies #7: Low Budget Eye Candy." Press Play (March 29, 2012)

Trafic (France/Italy: Jacques Tati, 1971: 96 mins)

Ross, Kristin. "Jacques Tati, Historian." Current (October 30, 2014)


The Age of Medici (Italy: Roberto Rossellini, 1972-1973: 255 mins)

Gallagher, Tag. "Eclipse Series 14: Rossellini’s History Films—Renaissance and Enlightenment." Current (December 25, 2008)

Behind the Green Door (USA: Artie Mitchell and Jim Mitchell, 1972: 72 mins)

Hudson, David. "Sex in the Movies." Green Cine (2005)

The Bitter Tears of Petra von Kant (West Germany: Rainer Werner Fassbinder, 1972: 124 mins)

Hudson, David. "Fassbinder: Romantic Anarchist (Part 1).” Keyframe (May 16, 2014)

Blaise Pascal (Italy: Roberto Rossellini, 1972: 135 mins)

Gallagher, Tag. "Eclipse Series 14: Rossellini’s History Films—Renaissance and Enlightenment." Current (December 25, 2008)

The Candidate (USA: Michael Ritchie, 1972: 110 mins)

McChesney, Robert W. and John Nichols. "The Bull Market: Political Advertising." Monthly Review (April 1, 2012)

Deep Throat (USA: Gerard Damiano, 1972: 61 mins)

Hudson, David. "Sex in the Movies." Green Cine (2005)

The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie (France: Luis Buñuel, 1972: 102 mins)

Scott, A.O. "Critics' Picks: The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie." The New York Times (April 28, 2009)

The Last House on the Left (USA: Wes Craven, 1972: 84 mins)

Last Tango in Paris (France/Italy: Bernardo Bertolucci, 1972: 136 mins)

Hudson, David. "Sex in the Movies." Green Cine (2005)

Pink Flamingos (USA: John Waters, 1972: 93 mins)

"Divine Trash (John Waters Special)." Naked Lunch #1 (December 7, 2008)

Sun Seekers (East Germany: Konrad Wolf, 1972: 116 mins) [It was banned by the government for 14 years]

Brockmann, Stephen. "Sonnensucher (1958) or Searching for the Socialist Sun." A Critical History of German Film Rochester, NY: Camden House, 2010: 234-245. [Professor has copy of the book]

Super Fly (USA: Gordon Parks Jr., 1972: 93 mins)

Guerrero, Ed. "The Spectacle of Black Violence as Cinema." Cinematic Sociology: Social Life in Film. Los Angeles, CA: Sage, 2013: 89-103. [In BCTC Library PN1995.9 S6 C543 2013]

Tout va Bien." (France/Italy: Jean-Luc Godard and Jean-Pierre Gorin, 1972: 95 mins)

Brody, Richard. "An Exile in Paradise." The New Yorker (November 20, 2000)

The Valley (Obscured by Clouds) (France: Barbet Schroeder, 1072: 106 mins)

Bickerton, Emille. "La vallée/The Valley (Obscured by Clouds): extracts from the BFI booklet." Michael Gothard Archive (From Emilie Bickerton's “A Short History of Cahiers de Cinema": 2009)


Amarcord (Italy/France: Federico Fellini, 1973: 123 mins)

Wertz, Peter. "Amarcord (1973)." Wertz of Wisdom (March 10, 2014)

The Baby (USA: Ted Post, 1973: 84 mins)

McDonagh, Maitland. "Parental Misguidance: Journeyman Ted Post Hit the Dysfuntional-Family Mother Lode with The Baby." Film Comment (November/December 2013) [Professor has a copy]

Badlands (USA: Terrence Malick, 1973: 94 mins)

Bellamy, Jason and Ed Howard. "Conversations: Terrence Malick, Part One. The House Next Door (May 28, 2011)

Merrick, Amy. Living In: Badlands." Design Sponge (May 17, 2011)

O'Connor, Flannery. "A Good Man is Hard to Find." (Short Story: 1953)

Breezy (USA: Clint Eastwood, 1973: 102 mins)

Kuersten, Erich. "An American Rohmer: Clint Eastwood's Breezy." Acidemic #6 (2010)

The Devil in Miss Jones (USA: Gerard Damiano, 1973: 67 mins)

Hudson, David. "Sex in the Movies." Green Cine (2005)

Lady Snowblood (Japan: Toshiya Fujita, 1973: 97 mins)

Kinsella, Sharon. "Men Imagining a Girl Revolution." CMS Colloquium Podcast (December 11, 2006)

The Last Detail (USA: Hal Ashby, 1973: 104 mins)

O'Brien, Adam. "Regional Horizons in The Last Detail." Movie #4 (2013)

The Legend of Paul and Paula (East Germany: Heiner Carow, 1973: 105 mins)

Brockmann, Stephen. "Die Legende von Paul und Paula (1973) or East Germany in the 70s." A Critical History of German Film Rochester, NY: Camden House, 2010: 258-273. [Professor has copy of the book]

The Long Goodbye (USA: Robert Altman, 1973: 112 mins)

Adams, Sam, et al. "The Long Goodbye." Cinephiliacs #38 (May 11, 2014)

Papillon (USA/France: Franklin J. Schaffner, 1973: 151 mins)

Cohen, Andrew. "40 Years Later, the Cruelty of Papillon is a Reality in U.S. Prisons: Two generations after the famous film about solitary confinement first appeared, it's still relevant to the deplorable treatment of inmates in America's prisons today." The Atlantic (December 16, 2013)

Requiem for a Vampire (France: Jean Rollin, 1973: 95 mins)

Spigland, Ethan. "Requiem for a Dreamer: Jean Rollin." Acidemic #6 (2010)

Serpico (USA: Sidney Lumet, 1973: 130 mins)

"Dig deeper into Sidney Lumet’s Serpico." Cinephilia and Beyond (2014)

Serpico, Frank. "The Police Are Still Out of Control: I should know." Politico (October 23, 2014)

The Wicker Man (UK: Robin Hardy, 1973: 88 mins)

Farrow, Robert. "The Wicker Man: Games of truth, anthropology, and the death of ‘man’." Metaphilm (June 20, 2005)

World on a Wire (Germany: Werner Rainer Fassbinder, 1973: 205 mins)

Celluloid Liberation Front. "World on a Wire: Reality is Colder than Fiction." Senses of Cinema #56 (2010)


Ali: Fear Eats the Soul (West Germany: Rainer Werner Fassbinder, 1974: 93 mins)

Hoberman, J. "The Single Antidote to Thoughts of Suicide: Rainer Werner Fassbinder’s American friends." Moving Image Source (June 28, 2012)

Savage, Julian. "The Conscious Collusion of the Stare: The Viewer Implicated in Fassbinder’s Fear Eats the Soul." Senses of Cinema #51 (2011)

Cartesius (Italy/France: Roberto Rossellini, 1974: 150 mins)

Gallagher, Tag. "Eclipse Series 14: Rossellini’s History Films—Renaissance and Enlightenment." Current (December 25, 2008)

Chinatown (USA: Roman Polanski, 1974: 130 mins)

Merrick, Amy. "Living In: Chinatown." Design Sponge (April 12, 2011)

The Conversation (USA: Francis Ford Coppola, 1974: 113 mins)

MacDowell, James. "John Cazale: Stepped Over." Alternate Takes (June 12, 2012)

The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser (West Germany: Werner Hauser, 1974: 110 mins)

Wölk, Ekkehard. "In Search of Bruno S.: A Berlin photographer finds, befriends and remembers the uniquely passionate person and puzzle that was Bruno Schleinstein." Keyframe (June 10, 2014)

The Parallax View (USA: Alan J. Pakula, 1974: 102 mins)

Kiang, Jessica. "50th Anniversary: 8 JFK Assassination Films That Revisit History." The Playlist (November 20, 2013)

Thoret, Jean-Baptiste. "The Seventies Reloaded: (What does the cinema think about when it dreams of Baudrillard?)." Senses of Cinema #59 (2011)

Phantom of the Paradise (USA: Brian De Palma, 1974: 92 mins)

Leatherwood, Roger. "The Phantom Archivist and The Phantom Archives: The Amateur Online Archive of Brian De Palma's Phantom of the Paradise (1974)." Bright Lights Film Journal #80 (May 2013)

The Swan Archives (Ongoing online archive for materials related to Phantom of the Paradise)

A Woman Under the Influence (USA: John Cassavettes, 1974: 155 mins)

LoBrutto, Vincent. "Independent Filmmaking: A Woman Under the Influence." Becoming Film Literate: The Art and Craft of Motion Pictures. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2005: 333-340. [BCTC Library: PN1994 L595 2005]

Palmer, Landon. "6 Filmmaking Tips From John Cassavettes." Film School Rejects (August 13, 2014)

The Yakuza (USA/Japan: Sydney Pollack, 1974: 123 mins)

Adelstein, Jake. "The Hardest Men In Town: Yakuza Chronicles of Sin, Sex and Violence (Japan Society Yakuza Film Festival Day One): The Yakuza." Japan Subculture Research Center (March 10, 2011)


Black Moon (France: Louis Malle, 1975: 100 mins)

Vincendeau, Ginette. "Black Moon: Louis in Wonderland." Criterion (June 28, 2011)

Dersu Uzala (Soviet Union/Japan: Akira Kurosawa, 1975: 144 mins)

Hogg, Trevor. "Epic Dreamer: An Akira Kurosawa Profile." Flickering Myth (March 24, 2010)

Dog Day Afternoon (USA: Sidney Lumet, 1975: 125 mins)

MacDowell, James. "John Cazale: Stepped Over." Alternate Takes (June 12, 2012)

Escape to Witch Mountain (USA: John Hough, 1975: 97 mins)

Fitch, Alex and Lily Savy-Gorman. "John Hough on Escape Mountain." Reality Check (September 12, 2011)

Fox and His Friends (West Germany: Rainer Werner Fassbinder, 1975: 123 mins)

Browne, Colin. Fox and His Friends Senses of Cinema #59 (2011)

Hoberman, J. "The Single Antidote to Thoughts of Suicide: Rainer Werner Fassbinder’s American friends." Moving Image Source (June 28, 2012)

Jaws (USA: Steven Spielberg, 1975: 124 mins)

Benedict, Steven. "The Techniques and Themes of Steven Spielberg." Vimeo (August 8, 2012)

Tracy, Andrew. "Depth Perception." Reverse Shot #31 (2012)

The Mirror (Soviet Union: Andrei Tarkovsky, 1975: 108 mins)

Petty, Tyler. "#11: The Mirror." Arts and Faith Top 100 Films (2011)

Moses und Aron (Austria/France/West Germany/Italy: Danièle Huillet and Jean-Marie Straub, 1975: 107 mins)

McNeil, Jeremiah. "Jean-Marie Straub and Danièle Huillet - Moses und Aron." The Cinematic Mind of Jeremiah McNeil (June 10, 2014)

Nashville (USA: Robert Altman, 1975: 159 mins)

Brook, David. "Blu Ray Review: Nashville." Row Three (June 5, 2014)

LoBrutto, Vincent. "Multiplot, Multicharacter Narrative: Nashville." Becoming Film Literate: The Art and Craft of Motion Pictures. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2005: 209-214. [BCTC Library: PN1994 L595 2005]

Picnic at Hanging Rock (Australia: Peter Weir, 1975: 115 mins)

Merrick, Amy. "Living In: Picnic at Hanging Rock." Design Sponge (April 2010)

Reznick, Graham. "One Scene: Picnic at Hanging Rock." The Current (August 1, 2011)

Shivers (Canada: David Cronenberg, 1975: 87 mins)

Three Days of the Condor (USA: Sydney Pollack, 1975: 117 mins)

Thoret, Jean-Baptiste. "The Seventies Reloaded: (What does the cinema think about when it dreams of Baudrillard?)." Senses of Cinema #59 (2011)

FYE 105: Course Resources

"Ferguson Protests 2014: Peace and Conflict Studies Archive Dialogic Cinephilia (Ongoing Archive)

Pariser, Eli. "Beware Online 'Filter Bubbles.'" TED Talks (May 2, 2011)

"Live Coverage of Eric Garner Rally on Staten Island." The New York Times (August 23, 2014)

Purdue OWL: Online Writing Lab (How to cite sources)

Rushkoff, Douglas. "They Say." (Excerpt from Coercion: Why We Listen to What 'They' Say.: 1999)

Resources for August 21, 2014

Minsker, Evan. "Lauryn Hill Releases "Black Rage (Sketch)", Dedicates It to Ferguson." Pitchfork (August 20, 2014)

Pinkerton, Nick. "Play it Again." Artforum (1/3/2014)

Reardon, Kiva. "The ABCs of Trouble Every Day: Sex, Love and Death." Keyframe (August 19, 2014)

Hope, Ted. "32 Qualities Of Better Film." Lets Make Better Films (November 25, 2010)

Gettys, Travis. "Tea Party of Louisiana: Common Core turns kids gay, and this parody website proves it." Raw Story (August 19, 2014)

"Ferguson Protests 2014." Dialogic Cinephilia (Ongoing Archive)

"Framing/Discourse: Peace and Conflict Studies archive." Dialogic Cinephilia (August 20, 2014)

Wednesday, August 20, 2014

Ferguson Protests/Black Lives Matter/Baltimore Protests 2014 - 2016: Peace and Conflict Studies Archive (Ongoing)

[also #handsupunited and #icantbreath]

I am shocked that the NYTimes ran this powerful piece, but glad. This is a conversation we need to have. The author expresses what so many have been feeling - namely that peaceful protests have proven useless in recent years and so perhaps it makes sense to tell Baltimore officials to stop protecting the police or watch the city burn. I absolutely understand this sentiment and I've heard it expressed in various ways many times. There are a number of reasons why I disagree with violence as strategy, but in the short space here I'll just say one thing: As I see it, the reason nonviolent protests haven't yet achieved what many have hoped is NOT because the protests have been nonviolent, but rather because the problems and demands are often defined quite narrowly, and the tactics are typically reactive. There is a big difference between protesting when tragedies happen - marching in the streets with pastors asking for a few officers to be indicted - and building a nonviolent revolution against an unjust system. At its best, the Civil Rights Movement used nonviolence as a means of deliberately and strategically withdrawing all cooperation with a fundamentally unjust system. Think of the Montgomery Bus Boycott which nearly destroyed the bus system and rocked the city as a whole. Think of the Freedom Riders who refused to cooperate with or abide by segregation laws, throwing much of the South into an apoplectic state. And think of Dr. King, who at the end of his life said that the time had come to recognize the critical difference between a reform movement and a revolutionary movement, and urged advocates to work for a "radical restructuring of our society." At the time King was murdered, he was developing plans to bring a nonviolent army of poor people to Washington, DC and shut the nation's capitol down until Congress agreed to honor the basic human rights of all people to work for a living wage, live in decent housing, and obtain quality education. He wanted to paralyze the entire system of government and force a reckoning. In recent years much of that revolutionary spirit seems to have been lost or forgotten, particularly on MLK day when school children are taught the importance of nonviolence but not the importance of organized, nonviolent rebellion against injustice. Fortunately I see awakening today in so many young people - from Ferguson to Sanford to NYC to New Orleans to Chicago to Oakland to Baltimore and beyond - a fire and yearning for radical change that will not be satisfied by politics as usual or mere tinkering with the machine. We would not even be having this conversation today if it wasn't for the bold and courageous young people in Ferguson who inspired uprisings nationwide. Nonviolent protest forced a national conversation that politicians have tried to avoid for decades. We have more power than we realize, but we must use it strategically and proactively - not just sporadically and reactively. To this author I say: Don't burn Baltimore down. Shut it down. Let's use nonviolence as a strategic tool for revolutionary change, not as a polite response to predictable tragedy. -- Michelle Alexander on Facebook referring to the Baltimore Uprising and D. Watkins "In Baltimore, We Are All Freddie Gray": April 29, 2015)

Ferguson Speaks: A Communique From Ferguson from FitzGibbon Media on Vimeo.

Abu-Jamal, Mumia. "Mumia Abu Jamal Responds To Grand Jury Not Indicting Ferguson Police Officer Darren Wilson." Law and Disorder Radio (December 1, 2014)

"ACLU Asks Col Replogle to Remove Inappropriate Officer." ACLU (August 20, 2014)

Alexander, Michelle. "Telling My Son Abour Ferguson." The New York Times (November 26, 2014)

Allen, Holly. "Scenes From Ferguson—and Beyond: Demonstrators react to a grand jury's decision not to indict Darren Wilson for killing Michael Brown." Slate (November 25, 2014)


Aronoff, Kate. "Understanding the Ferguson Riots as a Symptom of Violence." Truthout (August 20, 2014)

Arrowood, Emily. "Here Are The Conservative Pundits Branding Black Lives Matter A 'Hate Group'." Media Matters (September 2, 2015)

Attiah, Karen. "How Western media would cover Baltimore if it happened elsewhere." Washington Post (April 30, 2015)

Barnes, Mandela. "Ferguson, NYC, Milwaukee: Protests Erupt as Officer Cleared in Killing of Unarmed Dontre Hamilton." Democracy Now (December 24, 2014)

Barry, Dante and Alicia Garza. "'Not One More Darren Wilson, Not One More Mike Brown': National Protests Continue Ferguson Struggle." Democracy Now (December 1, 2014)

Bastone, William. "Was Key Grand Jury Witness in Michael Brown Case a Racist, Mentally Ill, Lying Ex-Felon?" Democracy Now (December 17, 2014)

Bell, Lawrence and Jesse Jackson. "National Guard Deployed as Baltimore Erupts After Years of Police Violence, Economic Neglect." Democracy Now (April 28, 2015)

Bell, Lawrence, Eddie Conway and Dominique Stevenson. "'Running While Black': Protests Swell over Death of Freddie Gray in Baltimore Police Custody." Democracy Now (April 23, 2015)

Belluz, Julia. "At Least 13 Journalists Have Been Arrested in Ferguson Since Protests Began." Vox (August 19, 2014)

Berman, Taylor. "Obama: "There’s No Excuse for the Kind of Violence We Saw Yesterday" Gawker (April 28, 2015) [MB: His comments start at the one hour point and you should listen to point 6 were he discusses "structural racism" in America]

"Black Lives Matter: Ferguson Erupts After Grand Jury Clears Officer in Michael Brown Killing." Democracy Now (November 25, 2014)

"Black Youth-Organized Millions March NYC Draws Tens of Thousands in Movement’s Biggest Protest Yet." Democracy Now (December 15, 2014)

Boguhn, Alexandrea and Coleman Lowndes. "Geraldo Rivera And The Victim-Blaming Of Black Teenagers." Media Matters (August 20, 2014)

Boehlert, Eric. "Obama, Race, And The Right-Wing Media's Heckler's Veto ." Media Matters (August 20, 2014)

Briquelet, Kate. "Bloods and Crips Team Up to Protest Baltimore’s Cops." The Daily Beast (April 27, 2015)

Butler, Anthea. "Police in Ferguson Keep Praying and Preying." Religion Dispatches (August 20, 2014)

Buttar, Shahid, Carl Dix and Michael McPhearson. "From Ferguson to Staten Island: Building Resistance to Police Terror." Building Bridges (August 27, 2014)

Bynes, Patricia. "Armed w/ Military-Grade Weapons, Missouri Police Crack Down on Protests over Michael Brown Shooting." Democracy Now (August 14, 2014)

---. "Ferguson Unrest Continues as Police Accused of Incitement & Michael Brown’s Killer Remains Free." Democracy Now (September 29, 2014)

Bynes, Patricia and Renita Lamkin. "Facing National Outcry, Ferguson Police Drop Military-Grade Gear as Protests Continue Over Shooting." Democracy Now (August 15, 2014)

Carrie, Shawn. "What everyone gets wrong about violence in Ferguson." The Daily Dot (November 18, 2014)

Casselman, Ben. "It’s Incredibly Rare For A Grand Jury To Do What Ferguson’s Just Did." Data Lab (November 24, 2014)

Chappelle-Nadel, Maria. ""They Are All Michael Brown": State Senator Defends Protesters Seeking Justice in Police Shooting." Democracy Now (August 20, 2014)

Christie, Gloria. "Ferguson Police Threaten, Restrain and Arrest Journalists, Is This A New Police State?" Addicting Info (August 19, 2014)

Coates, Ta-Nehisi. "Barack Obama, Ferguson, and the Evidence of Things Unsaid: Violence works. Nonviolence does too." The Atlantic (November 26, 2014)

---. "Bodily Safety: On Police Shootings." Making Contact (July 1, 2015) ["When journalist Ta-Nehisi Coates set out to write about police killings he went to visit Mable Jones. Back in 2000, Jones son, a friend of Coates from their time at Howard University, was shot and killed by police in Virginia. He was twenty five years old."]

---. "The United States of Ferguson." Moyers and Company (December 5, 2014)

Cobb, Jelani and Osagyefo Sekou. "Riot as the Language of the Unheard: Ferguson Protests Set to Continue In Fight For Racial Justice." Democracy Now (November 25, 2014)

Conason, Joe. "Missouri Burning: Why Ferguson's Inferno Is No Surprise." Truthdig (August 19, 2014)

"Continued injustice, continued response (#BaltimoreUprising)." Best of the Left #920 (May 8, 2015)

Cooke-Rivers, Jacqueline, Glenn Loury and Brandon M. Terry. "Ferguson is Everywhere." Radio Open Source (December 4, 2014)

Cooper, Brittney. "A racial state of emergency: How we prepare for devastation in Ferguson." Salon (November 19, 2014)

Crabapple, Molly, et al. These Facts About Killer Cops Will Blow Your Mind: Why Michael Brown is Just the Tip of the Iceberg." True Activist (November 25, 2014)

Crimethinc. "What They Mean When They Say Peace." Libcom (August 23, 2014)

Crump, Benjamin and Al Sharpton. " Legacy of Civil Rights Movement Shows Need for Feds to Bring Justice if State Fails." Democracy Now (November 26, 2014)

Cullors, Patrice and Darnell L. Moore. "Ferguson protests to #FergusonNext: 5 paths to progress, after non-indictment." The Guardian (November 24, 2014)

Dansky, Kara. "The real reason Ferguson has military weapons." CNN (August 19, 2014)

D, Davey. "Ferguson: Police Draw Guns on Rosa Clemente, Talib & Others." Hip Hop and Politics (August 20, 2014)

---. "Report Backs from the Front lines of Ferguson & LA Over Police Shootings." Hip Hop and Politics (August 19, 2014)

Davidson, Helen. "Ferguson protests continue after second police shooting." The Guardian (August 20, 2014)

Davis, Natalie Zemon. "World-Renowned Historian Natalie Zemon Davis Pleads Case of Steven Salaita with U-Illinois." Informed Comment *August 29, 2014)

"Denver for Ferguson." DAM Collective (November 2014)

Devereaux, Ryan. "A Night in Ferguson: Rubber Bullets, Tear Gas, and a Jail Cell." The Intercept (August 19, 2014)

---. "Rubber Bullets, Tear Gas and Jail: Ferguson Police Crack Down on Journalists Covering Protests." Democracy Now (August 20, 2014)

Downes, Nathaniel. "Anonymous To ID Michael Brown’s Killer – Already Has Paralyzed Ferguson." Addicting Info (August 14, 2014)

"Entertainer Sings 'Bad, Bad Michael Brown' At Ex-Police Charity Dinner (video)." Crooks and Liars (December 23, 2014)

Epstein, Hedy. "Stop the Violence from Ferguson to Gaza: 90-Year-Old Holocaust Survivor Arrested in St. Louis." Democracy Now (August 20, 2014)

Feige, David. "The Independent Grand Jury That Wasn’t: The Ferguson prosecutor’s bizarre, self-justifying press conference revealed his own influence." Slate (November 25, 2014)

"Ferguson: Brown jury decides not to charge officer." BBC World News (November 25, 2014)

"Ferguson October: Thousands March in St. Louis for Police Reform & Arrest of Officer Darren Wilson." Democracy Now (October 13, 2014)

"Ferguson reacts to grand jury decision LIVE UPDATES." RT (November 25, 2014)

"Ferguson Syllabus." Sociologists for Justice (2014)

Flores, Reena and Matt Berman. "What a Getty Photographer Captured Before He Was Arrested in Ferguson: Scott Olson, who was arrested Monday, has taken some of the most iconic pictures from the protests in Missouri." NationalJournal (August 18, 2014)

Ford, Glen and Tim Wise. "The State, Racism & Matters of Black Life." Building Bridges (January 6, 2015)

Friedersdorf, Connor. "The Brutality of Police Culture in Baltimore." The Atlantic (April 22, 2015) ["Years of abuses are every bit as egregious as what the Department of Justice documented in Ferguson, Missouri, and as deserving of a national response."]

Gartrell, Nate and Katie Nelson. "More than 40 arrested in Oakland as protesters block freeway, set fires after Ferguson cop not indicted." San Jose Mercury News (November 24, 2014)

Gillam, Carey. "Police in Ferguson committed human rights abuses: Amnesty report." Reuters (October 24, 2014)

Goodman, Amy. "The Ghost of Dred Scott Haunts the Streets of Ferguson." Truthdig (August 20, 2014)

Gott, Molly. "End-of-Year Round-up for Ferguson Protests: More than 600 Arrests, At Least 18 Still in Jail with Serious Charges." More (December 31, 2014)

Graeber, David. "Ferguson and the Criminalization of American Life." Gawker (March 19, 2015)

Graham, David A. "The Absence of Legitimate Authority in Baltimore." The Atlantic (April 28, 2015)

Greenwald, Glenn. "The Militarization of U.S. Police: Finally Dragged Into the Light by the Horrors of Ferguson." The Intercept (August 14, 2014)

Hedges, Chris. "Rise of the New Black Radicals." Truthdig (April 26, 2015)

"How black women are leading the #BlackLivesMatter movement (part one)" and Part Two America Tonight (December 18, 2014)

"Huffington Post Reporter Arrested in Ferguson." Huffington Post (August 13, 2014)

Hussain, Sophia. "Ferguson and the normalization of black murder." Verso (August 25, 2014)

I Am Mike Brown Live From Ferguson, MO." (KARG Argus Radio: Ongoing, on the scene, livestream coverage of events)

Janis, Stephen. "Baltimore: Problems And Conditions Precipitating Police Brutality In The Community!" Building Bridges Radio (May 4, 2015)

Laden, Greg. "#Ferguson Police Are At Your Door." Science Blogs (August 14, 2014)

Lavender, George and Jasmin Lopez. "Oakland Reacts to #Ferguson in photos and audio." Making Contact (November 25, 2014)


Leonnig, Carol D., Kimberly Kindy and Joel Achenbach. "Darren Wilson’s first job was on a troubled police force disbanded by authorities." The Washington Post (August 23, 2014)

Love, David A. "Baltimore Police spin news of gangs uniting to protest into ‘credible threat’." Grio (April 28, 2015)

Ludwig, Mike. "As Police Continue Ferguson Crackdown, Protesters Vow to Keep Taking the Streets." Truthout (August 19, 2014)

Mackey, Robert. "Russia, Iran and Egypt Heckle U.S. About Tactics in Ferguson." The New York Times (August 20, 2014)

Marty, Robin. "Four Things You Probably Don't Know About the Ferguson Protests." Truthout (August 24, 2014)

Mathias, Christopher and Carly Schwartz. "Protesters Shut Down Three New York City Bridges In Reaction To Ferguson Decision." Huffington Post (November 25, 2014)

Maté, Aaron. "'You Can Replace Property, You Can’t Replace a Life': Voices of the Unheard in the Baltimore Streets." Democracy Now (April 29, 2015)

McBride, Michael. ""Not Acceptable in a Civilized Society": Pastor on Ferguson Police Targeting Traumatized Youth." Democracy Now (August 20, 2014)

Medina, Daniel A. "In Pakistan and Ferguson, the real risks of bringing children to protests became clear this week." Quartz (August 20, 2014)

"Michael Brown." Democracy Now (Ongiong Archive)

"Michael Brown Shooting." The Guardian (Ongoing Archive)

Mimms, Sarah and Stephanie Stamm. "Who Is in Charge in Ferguson?More than a week after Michael Brown was shot, the answer is still unclear." NationalJournal (August 20, 2014)

Mirzoeff, Nicholas. "No Justice in Ferguson: A Checklist of Physical Evidence Mistakes." After Occupy (January 19, 2015)

Morris, Wesley. "Let’s Be Real: Let’s Be Cops, cop movies, and the shooting in Ferguson." Grantland (August 15, 2014)

O'Donnell, Lawrence. "Rewrite: Bad police reporting by the NYTimes." The Last Word (August 20, 2014)

Patrick, Robert. "Five Ferguson protesters sue police for $41.5 million over arrests." St. Louis Post Dispatch (August 28, 2014)

Pierce, Charles P. "The CIA & NYPD: Perilous Insubordination in Our Democracy." The Politics Blog (December 22, 2014)

Potter, Gary. "The Ferguson Grand Jury and the Coercive State." Uprooting Criminology (November 28, 2014)

"Rage for Michael Brown." Reuters (November 25, 2014)

Reilly, Ryan J. and Amanda Terkel. "Ferguson Fights For Justice Beyond Mike Brown's Death." The Huffington Post (August 24, 2014)

Rios, Edwin. "Orioles Executive on Baltimore Unrest: It's Inequality, Stupid." Mother Jones (April 28, 2015)

Roos, Jerome. "What happens in Ferguson does not stay in Ferguson." ROAR (August 24, 2014)

Root, Carl. "The Day After: Confronting Political Policing in Ferguson." Uprooting Criminology (November 25, 2014)

Rothert, Tony. "Fighting Gag Order, Ferguson Grand Juror Accuses Prosecutor of Mishandling Case & Misleading Public." Democracy Now (January 7, 2015)

Russell, Tory. ""This Country Values Property Over People": Ferguson Activist Speaks Out as Protests Spread." Democracy Now (November 26, 2014)

Sakuma, Amanda. "Women hold the front-lines of Ferguson." MSNBC (October 12, 2014)

Sargent, Antwaun. "The Art of the Black Lives Matter Movement." i-d (September 11, 2015)

Schatz, Michael. "KU Journalism Major Shreds 'Case' Against Mike Brown." Kansas Exposed (November 29, 2014)

Scheiber, Noam. "The St. Louis County Prosecutor Implicitly Conceded the Need for a Trial." The New Republic (November 24, 2014)

Scola, Nancy. "Ferguson prosecutor slams 'non-stop' social media while calling for increased attention to race." The Washington Post (November 25, 2014)

Sicinski, Michael. "The Deaths of Michael Brown and Eric Garner: Documents of Barbarism." Notebook (December 9, 2014)

Simon, David. "Baltimore." The Audacity of Despair (April 27, 2015)

Sledge, Matt. "Darren Wilson Supporters Rally To Bash Media, Ferguson Protesters." The Huffington Post (August 23, 2014)

Soderberg, Brandon. "How drunk sports fans helped spark Saturday night's post-protest violence." City Paper (April 28, 2015)

"Statement on Ferguson." Sociologists for Justice (2014)

Taibbi, Matt. "The Police in America Are Becoming Illegitimate." Rolling Stone (Posted on Reader Supported News: December 7, 2014)

Taub, Amanda. "Seattle's former police chief speaks out on Ferguson and police militarization." Vox (August 14, 2014)

Thrasher, Steven W. "The Real Looting of Ferguson: Its Black Citizens Never Had a Chance to Get By." Comment is Free (August 19, 2014)

Thrasher, Steven and Graham Weatherspoon. "Calls for Calm After NYPD Union Says Mayor, Protesters Have Blood on Their Hands for Cops’ Murder." Democracy Now (December 22, 2014)

Tolson, Mike, Leah Binkovitz and St. John Barned-Smith. "Bland's image goes far beyond dash-cam video." Houston Chronicle (July 25, 2015) ["Personal videos, friends paint portrait of drive for racial unity"]

Toobin, Jeffrey. "How Not to Use a Grand Jury." The New Yorker (November 25, 2014)

Vysotsky, Stanislaw. "Baltimore Beyond the Riot." Uprooting Criminology (April 29, 2015)

Walsh, Joan. "Ferguson nightmare widens: Rudy Giuliani, the NFL, and cops doubling down on their 'right' to kill." Salon (December 1, 2014)

Warren, Vincent. "'It is Officially Open Season on Black Folks': Legal Expert Decries Handling of Wilson Grand Jury." Democracy Now (November 25, 2014)

Watkins, D. "In Baltimore, We’re All Freddie Gray." The New York Times (April 29, 2015)

We the Protesters ["We, the protesters of Ferguson and beyond, in order to fulfill the democratic promise of our union, establish true and lasting justice, accord dignity and standing to everyone, center the humanity of oppressed people, promote the brightest future for our children, and secure the blessings of freedom for all black lives, do ordain and dedicate ourselves to this movement of radical liberation."]

"What Happened in Ferguson?" The New York Times (November 25, 2014)

"Why Are Our Sons Gunned Down?: Parents of Black Victims of Police Killings Lead D.C. March" Democracy Now (December 15, 2014)

Woods, Barnard. "A hundred protesters released without charges, but claims of mistreatment." City Paper (April 29, 2015)

Wood, Janee. "12 things white people can do now because Ferguson." Quartz (August 17, 2014)

Yates, Ashley. "The Root is Racism in America: Ferguson Activist Speaks Out on Police Abuses After Meeting Obama." Democracy Now (December 2, 2014)

Yglesias, Matthew. "Rudy Giuliani says Obama and black leaders incite 'anti-police hatred,'" Vox (December 21, 2014)

Zirin, Dave. "St. Louis Rams Players Tell the World That #BlackLivesMatter." Edge of Sports (December 1, 2014)